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What is Accountability, Principles, Types, and Applications

What is Accountability, Principles, Types, and Applications - Accountability is an organization's accountability for actions, products, decisions, and policies in its administration. The broad meaning of accountability strongly implies availability on the performance appraisal of its members. But do you know what accountability is and how does it apply to a business?

What is Accountability?

The word accountability itself comes from Accomptare (to account) in Latin, which has the basic words Computare (to take into account) and Turne (to do calculations).

This term has a long history that eventually led to government and financial accountability systems.

Broadly speaking, the meaning of accountability is a term for the management of an organization or institution, which is related to the transparency of performance in accounting for the performance of the stakeholders.

In the scientific field, an accountable organization has the ability to explain the condition of the organization you are running.

As explained earlier, that the scope of this responsibility is quite broad and almost covers all activities of an organization or institution. Call it activities, actions, conditions, policies, decisions, products, and of course the administrative cycle in the company.

The focus or scope of accountability should be more on the obligation to report, explain, and account for its business activities. It aims for safety and mutual smoothness, in order to achieve the goal with a higher percentage of success and safety.

By deepening the meaning of accountability properly, as a business actor you can provide true accountability to the parties concerned. That way the monitoring function of the running of the business can be more controlled with the right progress to achieve the objectives of an activity.

So, if you narrow your understanding deeper, you will find that this activity is a guarantee of accountability for performance and behavior evaluation. This refers to various aspects that are the responsibility of stakeholders in an organization or business.

Basic Principles of Accountability

If you are part of a system, it helps you learn what accountability is, so there are some basic principles that you must learn first. Here are some principles you should learn to build the right system:

1. All Members Have Responsibility for Their Duties
The first principle is of course the same sense of responsibility to carry out the vision, mission, and commitment to mutual progress. All members are required to be accountable for their duties by being accountable to each line or division of the company.

2. Accountability Requires Management System
The second principle is the effort of an organization or institution to create a management system that focuses on creating an accountable environment. This is because the management adheres to the laws and regulations and the work agreement of the company.

3. Have a Clear Purpose and Orientation
Accountability is an accountability for all actions and activities of workers. Therefore, all the people involved cannot be careless in doing something. The reason is that there must be a clear orientation and purpose, several points such as vision, mission, and targets can be the best determinants and guidelines.

4. Accountability regarding Presentation and Transparency
Everyone who holds a responsibility, must be able to show the achievement of the targets obtained. In addition, the reports presented must be detailed, detailed and transparent, and can be accounted for.

5. Have an Attitude that Reflects the Value of Accountability
As a business actor and all people involved, having a good attitude and reflecting the value of accountability is a must. Some attitudes such as honesty which refers to transparency, objective and active which refers to innovation, and a passionate work ethic.